April is already here and the birthstone for the month, is the Diamond. The diamond is a statement of everlasting love!
When you talk about diamonds with someone, people immediately think of an engagement ring. But who started the tradition of giving a diamond when asking for someone’s hand in marriage? The first well-documented use of a diamond ring to signify engagement was by the Archduke Maximilian of Austria of Vienna in 1477, upon his betrothal to Mary of Burgundy. This then influenced those of higher social class and of significant wealth to give diamond rings to their loved ones. Diamond mines in Africa were discovered in 1870, which then increased supply. As production increased with demand, those of lesser superiority were able to join in on this movement.
Are diamonds rare? Diamonds were quite rare in the past but not anymore. It’s true that the process of extracting diamond is labor intensive (mines move many tons of dirt per carat of diamond found) and that high-quality diamonds are relatively few, diamonds are not rare in an economic sense because supply exceeds demand.
Where were diamonds first discovered? Diamonds are thought to have been first recognized and mined in India, where significant alluvial deposits of the stone could be found many centuries ago along the rivers Penner, Krishna and Godavari. Diamonds have been known in India for at least 3,000 years but most likely 6,000 years.
How are diamonds formed? The formation of natural diamond requires very specific conditions—exposure of carbon-bearing materials to high pressure, ranging approximately between 45 and 60 kilobars (4.5 and 6 GPa), but at a comparatively low temperature range between approximately 900–1300 °C. These conditions are met in two places on Earth; in the lithospheric mantle below relatively stable continental plates, and at the site of a meteorite strike.
Facts about Diamonds:
- Diamond is the hardest known natural material on the Mohs scale of mineral hardness, where hardness is defined as resistance to scratching and is graded between 1 (softest) and 10 (hardest).
- Diamonds got their name from the language of the ancient Greeks. The ancient Greek word, adamas that could be roughly translated as ‘untamed’ or ‘invincible’ is said to have been the root from which the modern name, diamond, was derived.
See our diamond jewelry collection in stores or online here.